Top Six future artillery India will use against enemy

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The regiment of artillery is an operational and the second largest arm of the Indian army. Indian army has 264 regiments of artillery. Each regiment operates 21 artillery. India has taken major steps to upgrade it’s artillery system. Here is the list of top six artillery system India will be inducting in the coming future

 (ATAGS) Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System

 

This project was started in 2013 by DRDO . The DRDO Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System is a towed 155 mm/52 caliber howitzer that is being developed for the Indian Army will be a joint project of two private-sector corporations. Indian army wishes to induct more than 2000 ATGS in the coming decade to replace the old guns.

The ATAGS is the world’s only gun with a six-round “automated magazine”, which lets it fire a six-round burst in just 30 seconds. Most other 155-mm, 52-caliber guns have three-round magazines, which must be reloaded. Another first in the ATAGS is its all-electric drive, which replaces the comparatively unreliable hydraulic drives in other towed guns. The ATAG’s all-electric drive operates its automated mechanisms: ammunition handling, opening and closing the breach, and ramming the round into the chamber. According to the Kalyani group, the lighter version of this artillery (14 ton) is under development.

Two firing prototypes — Tata Power’s G1 and Bharat Forge’s G2 — made their spectacular debuts. Both prototypes shot out shells to a distance of 47 km at the Pokhran test ranges in Rajasthan. In the thin air of the mountains, its designers say, the shells can easily achieve a 25 percent range addition. It is believed that this artillery gun can achieve 58 km range in the range of Himalayas

The Indian Army has Artillery Combat Command and Control System ACCCS named Shakti. This System integrates all data from all the artillery units deployed on a front and the weapon locating radars. Based on this integrated picture of battlespace commanders direct the artillery field positions to achieve maximum effectiveness of a shelling on enemy positions. This artillery will give India ability ti hit target deep inside enemy territory from stand-off range

M777

In 2016 India signed a $750 million deal for 145 guns with the US. The first lot of guns are being supplied directly by BAE Systems, its Indian joint venture production partner Mahindra’s Assembly, Integration and Test (AIT) facility opens on Delhi’s outskirts by end June and will begin to supply Indian-assembled guns at a rate of five per month starting March 2019.This Ultralight-weight Field Howitzer with a weight of 4,200 kg (9,300 lb), the M777 is 41% lighter than the 7,154 kg (15,772 lb) M198 howitzer.This artillery can be deployed in tough terrain. India will be inducting this howitzer to equip mountain strike corps facing China. It can be easily transported by C 130J and C 17. The M777 uses a digital fire control system like the self-propelled howitzer

M777 howitzers including new liquid crystal display units, software updates, improved power systems, and muzzle sensors for onboard ballistic computing. Future upgrades include a touchscreen Chief Section Display, a new Mission System Computer, and a digital radio. This artillery can fire M982 Excalibur GPS-guided munition, which allows accurate fire at a range of up to 40 km. Hence expect this gun to be used in next surgical strike against terrorist camp across the border by the Indian army. This shell reduces collateral damage and can hit the target with pinpoint accuracy

The main use of M777 will be for tactical insertion. IAF’s C-130J-30 can carry 2 M777 behind enemy’s lines or can be swung up beneath a Heli to be pressed into action in no time. In comparison, it took us 15~30 days to put Artillery in Kargil where an M777 can be put in a C-130, taken to Kargil, placed in a Heli and inserted for maximum damage in less than a day.

Indian army is further thinking about M777 ER. The M777ER is a set of six modules that can be retrofitted on existing M777 guns, doubling their effective range to between 54-70 km depending on the sort of ammunition used. The modules include a modified barrel, suspension, and recoil system, and adds approximately 500 kg to the M777’s existing weight

DHANUSH ARTILLERY

 

The Dhanush artillery project was initiated to replace Indian 105 mm field gun and older D 30 130 mm soviet guns. Latest information suggests that OFB has upgraded the current 155 mm/45 caliber to 155 mm/52 caliber. Dhanush v2 larger caliber ordnance will increase the strike range by 4 km to 42 km. The indigenously upgraded artillery gun Dhanush has successfully completed final user trials and is ready for induction into the Army

This gun has been tested in all terrain. During the trials, the guns traveled extensively in towed/ self-propelled mode in desert and high-altitude terrains with each gun clocking over 1,000 km demonstrating their mobility. The entire order of 114 guns is to be delivered within four years. To meet the requirement, the Board has undertaken capacity augmentation to manufacture over 400 barrels and 250 ordnance for large-caliber weapon systems. If everything goes well a total of 414 Dhanush guns would be supplied to the Army.

Kalyani 155/39 Ultra-Light Howitzer

The Kalyani Group showcases its modern Ultra-Light Howitzer (ULH), which is a 155/39 cal gun system during defense expo 2018. The Gun comes in two variants – the conventional Recoil ULH and Advance Hybrid Recoil ULH. The conventional Recoil ULH is a 155mm/39 cal long-range field artillery weapon system weighing less than 4.8 tons. This breakthrough has been achieved through an innovative design and use of special lightweight materials. Advance Hybrid Recoil ULH is a variant of Conventional ULH which incorporates the state of the art advanced recoil system which further brings down the weight of the gun to less than 4.5 tons
This new Ultra-lightweight gun system can travel on road or cross-country terrain at speed up 60 km/hr or 24 rm/hr respectively in towed condition. It is capable of firing 24.7 km range and with assisted ammunition 30km. Extremely easy to deploy, it takes a team of six crew members to deploy the system within one minute during the daytime and 1.5 minutes during night time. The system can fire NATO standard 155 mm rounds at a firing rate of up to 70 rounds a 60 minute. The induction of 145 M777 guns is not enough for world’s third largest armed forces. The recent media report claims that this artillery will be heading for summer and winter trials this year. Being lightweight this artillery can be easily transported and can also be mounted on 4×4 Armoured Gun Mounted Vehicle. This artillery can be a great asset to counter ceasefire violation across the border.

The other guns in Kalyani Group artillery product profile include Bharat 52, Bharat 45, Garuda 105 and ATAGS

155mm 52 Cal Mounted Gun system

 

Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and Bharat Earth Movers Ltd. (BEML) have unveiled its latest product viz 155mm 52 Cal Mounted Gun system

The base vehicle used for the gun system is the BEML-TATRA 8X8 truck with all differential lockable and a powerful 300 KW (402 HP) engine, which provides it a power to weight ratio of more than 10KW/ton. This is a high mobility vehicle with independent wheel suspension and swinging half-axles to provide enhanced cross-country mobility. The vehicle has a cruising speed of 80 km/hr on road and more than 30 km/hr in cross-country and has a cruising range of 1000 km without refueling.

The armament used in the 155 mm 52 Cal has a target destruction capability of approximately 42 km. The Gun System combines with the advantage of high mobility performance of a truck with accurate long-range firepower of a 155 mm 52 Cal gun and with its onboard ammunition storage capability of 18 rounds of HE shells as well as 18 BMCS and 2-6 chargers. It can be automatically deployed in any terrain and can perform a mission independently.

With its high strategic maneuverability in all types of terrain, it will serve as an all-weather reinforcement for the infantry and will be a present force multiplier for the Indian artillery.

OFB upgraded 155 mm artillery gun

State-run Ordnance Factories Board (OFB)  has successfully upgraded 130 mm to 155 howitzers. The cost of a new 155-mm artillery gun comes to around Rs 15 crore, while the upgradation has been done for just Rs one crore for each, thus saving the exchequer a lot of money.  OFB is optimistic about getting at least 300 field gun upgradation orders if not more from Indian Army. This 155mm field guns will provide soldiers longer target range up to 36km while the older gun offers only 27km range
India plans to upgrade all it’s 130 mm artillery gun in the near future. This is a cost-effective solution. It will provide crucial fire support to the foot soldier along with ATGS and modified Dhanush gun
India is developing network-centric warfare capabilities, the Army is all set to induct a computerized command and control system to integrate its artillery weapon operations known as Project Sakthi, the Artillery Combat Command and Control System (ACCCS) is a major division of the Tactical Command Control Communication and Intelligence (Tac C3I) system
Sakthi is the first C3I system being fielded in the Indian Army. The role of ACCCS is to automate and integrate all artillery operational functions and provide decision support at all levels of artillery command from the corps level down to the battery or guns level in a networked environment. the Sakthi’s three main electronic devices Enhanced Tactical Computer, Gun Display Unit, and Hand Held Computer are produced by the defence public sector undertaking Bharat Electronics Limited.
Sakthi would give the troops the capability to concentrate artillery firepower at operational and tactical levels in a reduced time-frame and deliver a decisive blow to the enemy at the desired place. “The capability of rapid acquisition, processing and dissemination of battlefield information and delivering crushing blows to enemy’s critical assets, even before he makes contact with our forces, will be the deciding factor in any future conflict
The Indian artillery will play an increasingly important role in the successful execution of integrated land-air operations on the modern battlefield by suppression of the enemy’s air defence (SEAD) assets to enable own attack helicopters to operate freely and to also enable ground attack aircraft of the IAF to launch strikes successfully.

 

 

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