The regiment of artillery is an operational and the second largest arm of the Indian army. Indian army has 264 regiments of artillery. Each regiment operates 21 artillery. India has taken major steps to upgrade it’s artillery system. Here is the list of top six artillery system India will be inducting in the coming future
(ATAGS) Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System
This project was started in 2013 by DRDO . The DRDO Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System is a towed 155 mm/52 caliber howitzer that is being developed for the Indian Army will be a joint project of two private-sector corporations. Indian army wishes to induct more than 2000 ATGS in the coming decade to replace the old guns.
The ATAGS is the world’s only gun with a six-round “automated magazine”, which lets it fire a six-round burst in just 30 seconds. Most other 155-mm, 52-caliber guns have three-round magazines, which must be reloaded. Another first in the ATAGS is its all-electric drive, which replaces the comparatively unreliable hydraulic drives in other towed guns. The ATAG’s all-electric drive operates its automated mechanisms: ammunition handling, opening and closing the breach, and ramming the round into the chamber. According to the Kalyani group, the lighter version of this artillery (14 ton) is under development.
Two firing prototypes — Tata Power’s G1 and Bharat Forge’s G2 — made their spectacular debuts. Both prototypes shot out shells to a distance of 47 km at the Pokhran test ranges in Rajasthan. In the thin air of the mountains, its designers say, the shells can easily achieve a 25 percent range addition. It is believed that this artillery gun can achieve 58 km range in the range of Himalayas
The Indian Army has Artillery Combat Command and Control System ACCCS named Shakti. This System integrates all data from all the artillery units deployed on a front and the weapon locating radars. Based on this integrated picture of battlespace commanders direct the artillery field positions to achieve maximum effectiveness of a shelling on enemy positions. This artillery will give India ability ti hit target deep inside enemy territory from stand-off range
In 2016 India signed a $750 million deal for 145 guns with the US. The first lot of guns are being supplied directly by BAE Systems, its Indian joint venture production partner Mahindra’s Assembly, Integration and Test (AIT) facility opens on Delhi’s outskirts by end June and will begin to supply Indian-assembled guns at a rate of five per month starting March 2019.This Ultralight-weight Field Howitzer with a weight of 4,200 kg (9,300 lb), the M777 is 41% lighter than the 7,154 kg (15,772 lb) M198 howitzer.This artillery can be deployed in tough terrain. India will be inducting this howitzer to equip mountain strike corps facing China. It can be easily transported by C 130J and C 17. The M777 uses a digital fire control system like the self-propelled howitzer
M777 howitzers including new liquid crystal display units, software updates, improved power systems, and muzzle sensors for onboard ballistic computing. Future upgrades include a touchscreen Chief Section Display, a new Mission System Computer, and a digital radio. This artillery can fire M982 Excalibur GPS-guided munition, which allows accurate fire at a range of up to 40 km. Hence expect this gun to be used in next surgical strike against terrorist camp across the border by the Indian army. This shell reduces collateral damage and can hit the target with pinpoint accuracy
The main use of M777 will be for tactical insertion. IAF’s C-130J-30 can carry 2 M777 behind enemy’s lines or can be swung up beneath a Heli to be pressed into action in no time. In comparison, it took us 15~30 days to put Artillery in Kargil where an M777 can be put in a C-130, taken to Kargil, placed in a Heli and inserted for maximum damage in less than a day.
Indian army is further thinking about M777 ER. The M777ER is a set of six modules that can be retrofitted on existing M777 guns, doubling their effective range to between 54-70 km depending on the sort of ammunition used. The modules include a modified barrel, suspension, and recoil system, and adds approximately 500 kg to the M777’s existing weight
The Dhanush artillery project was initiated to replace Indian 105 mm field gun and older D 30 130 mm soviet guns. Latest information suggests that OFB has upgraded the current 155 mm/45 caliber to 155 mm/52 caliber. Dhanush v2 larger caliber ordnance will increase the strike range by 4 km to 42 km. The indigenously upgraded artillery gun Dhanush has successfully completed final user trials and is ready for induction into the Army
This gun has been tested in all terrain. During the trials, the guns traveled extensively in towed/ self-propelled mode in desert and high-altitude terrains with each gun clocking over 1,000 km demonstrating their mobility. The entire order of 114 guns is to be delivered within four years. To meet the requirement, the Board has undertaken capacity augmentation to manufacture over 400 barrels and 250 ordnance for large-caliber weapon systems. If everything goes well a total of 414 Dhanush guns would be supplied to the Army.
Kalyani 155/39 Ultra-Light Howitzer
The other guns in Kalyani Group artillery product profile include Bharat 52, Bharat 45, Garuda 105 and ATAGS
155mm 52 Cal Mounted Gun system
Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and Bharat Earth Movers Ltd. (BEML) have unveiled its latest product viz 155mm 52 Cal Mounted Gun system
The base vehicle used for the gun system is the BEML-TATRA 8X8 truck with all differential lockable and a powerful 300 KW (402 HP) engine, which provides it a power to weight ratio of more than 10KW/ton. This is a high mobility vehicle with independent wheel suspension and swinging half-axles to provide enhanced cross-country mobility. The vehicle has a cruising speed of 80 km/hr on road and more than 30 km/hr in cross-country and has a cruising range of 1000 km without refueling.
The armament used in the 155 mm 52 Cal has a target destruction capability of approximately 42 km. The Gun System combines with the advantage of high mobility performance of a truck with accurate long-range firepower of a 155 mm 52 Cal gun and with its onboard ammunition storage capability of 18 rounds of HE shells as well as 18 BMCS and 2-6 chargers. It can be automatically deployed in any terrain and can perform a mission independently.
With its high strategic maneuverability in all types of terrain, it will serve as an all-weather reinforcement for the infantry and will be a present force multiplier for the Indian artillery.
OFB upgraded 155 mm artillery gun